LIST OF ALCOHOLIC AND RAW MATERIALS

This is a list of alcoholic drinks. An alcoholic drink is a drink that contains ethanol, commonly known as alcohol. Alcoholic drinks are divided into three general classes: beers,wines, and spirits (or distilled beverage). They are legally consumed in most countries, and over 100 countries have laws regulating their production, sale, and consumption.[1] In particular, such laws specify the minimum age at which a person may legally buy or drink them. This minimum age varies between 16 and 25 years, depending upon the country and the type of drink. Most nations set it at 18 years of age.

Drinks by raw material.

For micro-organisms, see List of microorganisms used in food and beverage preparation and yeast in winemaking.

The names of some alcoholic drinks are determined by their raw material.

Grains

Name of fermented beverage

Barley    beer, ale, barley wine
Rye    rye beer, kvass
Corn    chicha, corn beer, tesguino
Sorghum    burukutu (Nigeria), pito (Ghana), merisa (southern Sudan), bilibili(Chad, Central African Republic, Cameroon)
Wheat    wheat beer
Rice    beer, brem (Bali), huangjiu and choujiu (China), ruou gao (Vietnam),sake (Japan), sonti (India), makgeolli and chungju (Korea), tuak(Borneo Island), thwon (Nepal)
Millet    millet beer (Sub-Saharan Africa), tongba (Nepal, Tibet), boza (the Balkans, Turkey)

Buckwheat

Fruit juice

Name of fermented beverage

Grapes    wine
Apples    cider (U.S.: “hard cider”), apfelwein
Pears    perry, or pear cider; poiré (France)
Plums    plum wine
Apricots
Quinces
Pineapples    tepache (Mexico), Pineapple Wine (Hawaii)
Juniper berries
Bananas orplantains    chuoi hot (Vietnam), cauim (Kuna Indians of Panama), urgwagwa(Uganda, Rwanda), mbege (with millet malt; Tanzania), kasikisi (with sorghum malt; Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Gouqi    gouqi jiu (China)
Coconut    Toddy (Sri Lanka, India)
Ginger with sugar, ginger with raisins    ginger ale, ginger beer, ginger wine
Myrica rubra    yangmei jiu (China)
Pomace    pomace wine
Cashew

Vegetables

Name of fermented beverage

Cassava

Saliva-fermented beverages:

cauim
chicha: Throughout the Amazon Basin, including the interiors of Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, chicha is made most often with cassava; in Peruvian Amazonia chichia is known as masato.
kasiri (Sub-Saharan Africa)
nihamanchi (South America) aka nijimanche (Ecuador and Peru)
parakari (Guyana)
sakurá (Brazil, Surinam)

Name of distilled beverage
Scotch whisky, Irish whiskey, shōchū (mugijōchū) (Japan), soju (Korea)
rye whiskey, vodka (Russia), korn (Germany)
Bourbon whiskey, moonshine, also vodka (rare)
maotai, gaoliang, certain other types of baijiu (China).
horilka (Ukraine), vodka, wheat whiskey, weizenkorn (Germany), soju (Korea)
aila (Nepal), rice baijiu (China), shōchū (komejōchū) and awamori (Japan), soju(Korea)

shōchū (sobajōchū) (Japan)

Name of distilled beverage
lozovača/loza, vinjak (Serbia), brandy, cognac (France), vermouth, armagnac(France), branntwein (Germany), pisco (Peru, Chile, Grozdova), Rakia (The Balkans, Turkey), singani (Bolivia), arak (Syria, Lebanon, Jordan), törkölypálinka (Hungary)
jabukovača (Serbia), applejack (or apple brandy), calvados, cider
viljamovka (Serbia), Poire Williams, pear brandy, Eau-de-vie (France), pálinka(Hungary), krushova rakia / krushevitsa (Bulgaria)
šljivovica (Serbia), slivovitz, țuică, umeshu, pálinka, slivova rakia / slivovitsa (Bulgaria)
kajsijevača (Serbia), kaisieva rakia (Bulgaria), pálinka (Hungary)
dunjevača (Serbia)

gin, jenever (Netherlands/Belgium), borovička (Slovakia)
majmunovača (Serbia),
gouqi jiu (China)
arrack, lambanog (Sri Lanka, India, Philippines)

yangmei jiu (China)
raki/ouzo/pastis/sambuca (Turkey/Greece/France/Italy), tsipouro/tsikoudia (Greece),grappa (Italy), trester (Germany), marc (France), orujo (Spain), zivania (Cyprus),bagaço (Portugal), tescovină (Romania), arak (Iraq)
feni (India)

Name of distilled beverage
tiquira (Brazil)
Ginger root juice    ginger beer (Botswana)
Potato    potato beer    horilka (Ukraine), vodka (Poland and Germany), akvavit (Scandinavia), poitín (poteen)(Ireland), tuzemák (Czech Republic)
Sweet potato         shōchū (imojōchū) (Japan), soju (Korea)
Sugarcane juice, or molasses    basi, betsa-betsa (regional)    rum (Caribbean), rhum agricole (Haiti, Martinique, Guadeloupe and the rest of theFrench Caribbean), clairin (Haiti), cachaça (Brazil), aguardiente, guaro, pinga(Venezuela, Colombia, Nicaragua), Gongo, Konyagi (Tanzania);
Ti root         okolehao (Hawai’i)
Agave juice    pulque    tequila, mezcal, raicilla

Other raw materials

Name of fermented beverage

Name of distilled beverage
Sap of palm    coyol wine (Central America), tembo (Sub-Saharan Africa), toddy(Indian subcontinent)
Sap of Arenga pinnata,Coconut,Borassus flabellifer    palm wine    arrack
Honey    mead, horilka (Ukraine), tej (Ethiopia)    distilled mead, honey-flavored liqueur
Milk    kumis, kefir, blaand    arkhi (Mongolia)
Sugar    kilju and mead or sima (Finland)    shōchū (kokutō shōchū): made from brown sugar (Japan) or rum

Fermented drinks.

Founders Old Curmudgeon old ale

A hard cider produced in Michigan, U.S.

Palm wine is collected, fermented and stored in calabashes in Bandundu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Desi daru from India

Beer

Ale

Barleywine

Bitter ale

Brown ale

Cask ale

Mild ale

Old ale

Pale ale

Scotch ale

Porter (dark beer made from brown malt)

Stout (strong Porter)

Stock ale

Fruit beer

Lager

Pale lager (also “dry beer”, made with a slow acting yeast that ferments at a low temperature while being stored)

Bock (strong lager)

Maerzen/Oktoberfest Beer

Pilsener (lighter lager brewed with partially malted barley)

Schwarzbier (dark lager)

Sahti (Finnish)

Small beer (very low alcohol)

Wheat beer (or “Hefeweizen”, made with wheat in addition to malted barley)

Witbier (“White Beer”, made with herbs or fruit instead of or in addition to hops)

Cauim (made from cassava or maize)

Chicha (made from cassava, maize root, grape, apple or other fruits)

Cider (made from apple juice or other fruit juice)

Perry (pear cider)

Plum jerkum (made from plums)

Desi daru, made by fermenting molasses or high sugar containing fruits

Huangjiu (Chinese, made from rice, millet, or wheat using a special starter culture of yeast, mold, and bacteria)

Icariine Liquor

Kasiri (made from cassava)
Kilju (Finnish, made from sugar)
Kumis (Central Asia, traditionally made from horse milk but now primarily cow milk)
Mead (made from honey)
Nihamanchi (South America) aka nijimanche (Ecuador and Peru) (made from cassava)
Palm wine (made from the sap of various palm trees)
Parakari (made from cassava)
Pulque (originally made by the natives of Mexico, made from the sap of the maguey plant)
Sakurá (made from cassava)
Sake (made from rice)
Sonti
Tepache

Tiswin (made from corn or saguaro, a large cactus)

Tonto
Wine
Fortified wine
Port
Madeira
Marsala
Sherry
Vermouth
Vinsanto
Fruit wine
Table wine
Sangria
Sparkling wine
Champagne
Distilled drinks[edit]

A reservoir glass filled with a naturally colored verteabsinthe, next to an absinthe spoon

Various views of a bottle of mezcal. The “worm”, which is actually the larval form of the moth Hypopta agavis that lives on the agave plant, can be seen in the middle image, at the bottom of the bottle.

Various bottles and containers of Russian vodka

A distilled beverage, spirit, or liquor is an alcoholic beverage containing ethanol that is produced by distilling (i.e., concentrating by distillation) ethanol produced by means of fermenting grain, fruit, or vegetables.[2] This excludes undistilled fermented beverages such as beer, wine, andcider. Vodka, gin, baijiu, tequila, rum, whisky, brandy, Singani[3] and soju are examples of distilled beverages.

Hard liquor is used in North America and India to distinguish distilled beverages from undistilled ones (implicitly weaker).

Spirits

Absinthe
Akvavit
Applejack
Arak
Arrack
Awamori
Baijiu
Borovička
Brandy

Armagnac

• Cognac

• Fruit brandy, Eau-de-vie (French), Schnapps – Obstwasser (German)

• Damassine

• Himbeergeist

• Kirsch

• Poire Williams

• Williamine

• Cachaça

• Gin

• Damson gin

• Sloe gin

• Horilka

• Kaoliang

• Maotai

• Metaxa

• Mezcal

• Neutral grain spirit

• Ogogoro

• Ouzo

• Palinka

• Pisco

• Poitín

• Rakı

• Rakia

Slivovitz

• Rum

• Shochu

• Singani

• Soju

• Tequila

• Ţuică

• Vodka

• Whisky

• Bourbon whiskey

• Canadian whisky

• Irish whiskey

• Japanese whisky

• ManX Spirit

• Rye whiskey

• Scotch whisky

• Tennessee whiskey

Posted by:

Anil Purbey

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