STANDARD OF HEALTH SAFETY & WELFARE Regulations- (Services oRegulations )
- To regulate the conditions of Services of employment.
- To provide Safety, Health & Welfare measures
- To give the Building & Construction workers Social Security
- Every establishment which employs or had employed ten or more workers directly or through a Contractor / Subcontractor (undertaking to produce a given result or supplying building workers for any work of the establishment, excluding supply of goods or articles of manufacture)
Responsibilities of Employer
- It will be the duty of every employer to comply with requirements of the rules
- Employer will not permit an employee to do anything, not in accordance with the generally accepted principles of standard safe operating practices connected with building and other construction work
Safety and Health
Excessive noise, vibration etc.
- An employer will ensure that adequate measures are taken to protect the building workers against the harmful effects of excessive noise or vibration
- An employer will ensure that site is provided with fire extinguishing equipment, sufficient to extinguish any probable fire
- Number of trained persons required to operate the fire extinguishing equipment
- Fire extinguishers shall be properly maintained and inspected at regular intervals of not more than one year
- Every launch or boat or other craft used for transport of building workers and the cabin of every lifting appliances including mobile crane, adequate number of portable fire-extinguishing equipment of suitable type shall be provided
Emergency Action Plan
More than 500 building workers are employed for an emergency action plan to handle the emergencies.
Material handling by host/ tower crane
- No building worker lifts by hand or carries overhead or over his back or shoulders any heavy material, article, tool or appliances. All material has to be lifted by mechanical equipment which will be as per safe working load.
(Note: At present No adolescent worker is permitted to work in construction sites
unless aided by any other building worker or a mechanical device)
Dust, gasses, fumes etc
- An employer shall prevent concentration of dust, gasses or fumes by providing suitable means to control their concentration within the permissible limit so that they may not cause injury or pose health hazard to building worker
- Corrosive substances, including alkalis and acids, shall be stored in such a manner that it does not endanger the building worker
- Suitable protective equipment shall be provided during handling or use of such substances
- In the case of spillage of such substances on the building worker, immediate remedial measures shall be taken by the employer
- Suitable personal protective equipment for the protection of eyes shall be provided
- Building worker engaged in operations like welding, cutting, chipping, grinding or similar operations which may cause hazard to his eyes shall use such eye protection
Head protection and other protective apparel
- Every building worker required to pass through or work in the areas where there is hazard of his being struck by falling objects or materials shall be provided with Safety helmets in accordance with national standards
- Every building worker required to work in water or in wet concrete or in other similar work shall be provided with suitable water-proof boots
- Before commencement of work, adequate measures shall be taken to prevent any worker from coming into physical contact with any electrical equipment or apparatus, machines or live electrical circuit which may cause electrical hazard during the course of his employment
- Suitable warning signs shall be displayed and maintained at conspicuous places in Hindi and in a local language understood by the majority of the building workers
- Where exact location of underground power line is not known, the building worker using jackhammer, crowbars or other hand-tools, shall be provided with insulated protective gloves and footwear in accordance with national standards
- All electrical appliances and current carrying equipment shall be adequately earthed
- All temporary electrical installations are provided with RCCB
- All vehicles used at construction site shall comply with the requirements of Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (59 of 1988) and the rules made there under
- The driver of a vehicle of any class or description shall hold a valid driving license under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (59 of 1988)
Use of Safety helmet and shoes
- All persons who are performing any work or services at a building or other construction work should wear safety shoes and helmets conforming to the national standards
Common Area lighting
- We are provided that sufficient lighting at a common area in project premises for safe movement.
Lifting appliances and Gear
Test and periodical examination of lifting appliances
- All lifting appliances shall be tested and examined by a competent person before being taken into use for the first time or after it has undergone any alteration or repairs liable to affect its strength or stability or after erection on construction site and also once, at least in every one year
Identification and marking of safe working load
- Every lifting appliance and loose gear are clearly marked for its safe working load and identification by stamping or other suitable means
- Safe working load shall be marked in plain figures or letters upon the sling or upon a tablet or ring of durable material attached securely
Operation of lifting appliances
- Every crane driver or lifting operator possess adequate skill and training in the operation of the particular lifting appliance
- No person under eighteen years of age shall be in control of any lifting appliance
- Operation of lifting appliances is governed by signals; in conformity with relevant national standards
Register of periodical test, examination, and certificate
- Employer shall ensure that register in specified form shall be maintained and particulars of such test and examination of lifting appliances shall be entered in register
- Certificate in prescribed form shall be obtained from competent person for winches, derricks, cranes, hoists, loose gear, wire ropes
Medical examination of building workers
- Building worker who is employed for a work involving risk or hazards shall be medically examined
- Every operator of a crane, winch or other lifting appliances, transport equipment or vehicle shall be medically examined and again periodically
- No building worker shall be charged for medical examination
- Record of such medical examination shall be maintained
- An ambulance van shall be provided or an arrangement shall be made to a nearby hospital for providing such ambulance van for transportation of serious cases of accident or sickness of the building workers to the hospital promptly and such van is maintained in good repair and is equipped with standard facilities
- Sufficient number of first-aid boxes or cupboards shall be provided and maintained
- The box should be distinctly marked “First-aid” and shall be equipped with specified articles
- Trained first-aider shall be engaged at site
- An adequate number of hutments shall be provided at a construction
- Enough ventilation in the accommodation to avoid any suffocation.
- Proper electricity facility shall be provided to the accommodation.
- Provide clean and hygienic space to the hutment.
- Debugging to the hutment to avoid any diseases. (e.g. dengue malaria, chikungunya etc.)
- An adequate number of kitchen counters shall be provided at a construction
- Enough ventilation in the kitchen counter to avoid any suffocation.
- Proper electricity facility shall be provided to the kitchen counter.
- Provide clean and hygienic space to the kitchen counter.
Toilet, washing and bath facility
- Adequate number of Baths, Latrines, urinals and washing areas to be provided at construction site
- Conveniently situated and accessible to building workers at all times
- Adequately lit and will be maintained in clean and sanitary condition
- Those connected with flush sewage system will comply with requirement of public health authorities
- Should provide shelter from wind and rain.
- An adequate number of tables and sitting arrangements.
- Water and electrical facility.
- Premises will be maintained in clean and sanitary
- Employer will ensure sufficient supply of wholesome drinking water
- All such points will be legibly marked “Drinking Water” in a language understood by a majority of the persons
- No such point will be situated within six meters of any washing place, urinal or latrine.
- Every site should have arrangements for securely storing personal clothing not worn on site and for protective clothing needed for site work.
- Men and women should be able to change separately.
Summer action plan
- Provide glucose to avoid dehydration.
- Provide cool drinking water to fight the heat.
- Emergency medical help in case of any heat exhaustion.
- Restrict working during the peak hours of the day.
- Frequently conduct of Tool Box Talks to educate the workers.
Monsoon action plan
- De-watering water logged area for the smooth running of the work.
- Debugging to the workplace to avoid any diseases. (e.g. dengue, malaria, chikungunya)
- Searching and repairing any leaks.
Safety campaign activities e.g. National safety day/ world environment day celebration etc.
- Spreading awareness and taking oath on the importance of safety.
- Prize distribution for best workers who put extraordinary efforts.
- Planting new trees to mark our commitment to a greener and healthier environment.
- Correlating safety training with lead persons.
- Display of different type of safety posters for awareness.
- Conduct of different type of safety motivation program.
Article by Biswajit Biswas Manager – Safety & Security